Originally written as TriBeCa, Tribeca is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City. Its name is a syllabic abbreviation of “Triangle Below Canal Street.” The “triangle” (more accurately a quadrilateral) is bounded by Canal Street, West Street, Broadway, and Chambers Street. By the 2010s, a common marketing tactic was extending Tribeca’s southern boundary to either Vesey or Murray streets to increase the appeal of property listings.
The neighborhood began as farmland, then was a residential neighborhood in the early 19th century, before becoming a mercantile area centered on produce, dry goods, and textiles, and then transitioning to artists and then actors, models, entrepreneurs, and other celebrities. The neighborhood is home to the Tribeca Film Festival, which was created in response to the September 11 attacks to reinvigorate the community and downtown after the destruction caused by the terrorist attacks.
The area is now known as Tribeca, or TriBeCa, which was farmed by Dutch settlers to New Amsterdam, prominently Roeleff Jansen (who obtained the land patent, Dominie’s Brewery, from Wouter van Twiller in 1636) and his wife Anneke Jans, who later married Everardus Bogardus. The land stayed with the family until 1670, when the deed was signed over to Col. Francis Lovelace. In 1674 the Dutch took possession of the area until the English reclaimed the land a year later. In 1674, representing the Duke of York, Governor Andros took control of the land.
Tribeca in Manhattan was later part of the large tract of land given to Trinity Church by Queen Anne in 1705. In 1807, the church built St. John’s Chapel on Varick Street and then laid out St. John’s Park, bounded by Laight Street, Varick Street, Ericsson Place, and Hudson Street. The church also built Hudson Square, a development of brick houses that surrounded the park, which would become the model for Gramercy Park. The area was among the first residential neighborhoods developed in New York City beyond the city’s colonial boundaries and remained primarily residential until the 1840s. EZ Bed Bug Exterminator NYC
Tribeca is dominated by former industrial buildings that have been converted into residential buildings and lofts, similar to those of the neighboring SoHo-Cast Iron Historic District. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the neighborhood was a center of the textile/cotton trade.
Notable buildings in this neighborhood in Manhattan, NYC include the historic neo-Renaissance Textile Building, designed by Henry J. Hardenbergh and built-in 1901. The Powell Building is a designated Landmark on Hudson Street, which Carrère and Hastings built-in 1892 designed. Other notable buildings include the New York Telephone Company building at 140 West Street, between Vesey and Barclay, with its Mayan-inspired Art Deco motif, and the former New York Mercantile Exchange at 6 Harrison Street.
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