The Upper East Side, sometimes abbreviated UES, is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan, New York City, bounded by 96th Street to the north, the East River to the east, 59th Street to the south, and Central Park/Fifth Avenue to the west. The area incorporates several smaller neighborhoods, including Lenox Hill, Carnegie Hill, and Yorkville. Once known as the Silk-Stocking District, it has long been the most affluent neighborhood in New York City.
The Upper East Side is part of Manhattan Community District 8, and its primary ZIP Codes are 10021, 10028, 10065, 10075, and 10128. It is patrolled by the 19th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.
Before the arrival of Europeans, the mouths of streams that eroded gullies in the East River bluffs are conjectured to have been the sites of fishing camps used by the Lenape, whose controlled burns once a generation or so kept the dense canopy of oak-hickory forest open at ground level.
In the 19th century, the farmland and market garden district of what was to be the Upper East Side was still traversed by the Boston Post Road and, from 1837, the New York and Harlem Railroad, which brought straggling commercial development around its one station in the neighborhood, at 86th Street, which became the heart of German Yorkville. The area was defined by the attractions of the bluff overlooking the East River, which ran without interruption from James William Beekman’s “Mount Pleasant,” north of the marshy squalor of Turtle Bay, to Gracie Mansion, north of which the land sloped steeply to the wetlands that separated this area from the suburban village of Harlem. Among the villas, a Schermerhorn country house overlooked the river at the foot of present-day 73rd Street. Another, Peter Schermerhorn’s at 66th Street, and the Riker homestead were similarly sited at the foot of 75th Street. By the mid-19th century, the farmland had been mainly subdivided, except for the 150 acres (61 ha) of Jones’s Wood, stretching from 66th to 76th Streets and from the Old Post Road (Third Avenue) to the river. The farmland was inherited by James Lenox, who divided it into blocks of house lots in the 1870s, built his Lenox Library on a Fifth Avenue lot at the farm’s south-west corner, and donated an entire square block for the Presbyterian Hospital between 70th and 71st Streets, and Madison and Park Avenues. EZ Bed Bug Exterminator NYC
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